With a population of over 1.2 billion people, India is the second most populous country in the world.
Hindi and English are the official languages, however there are more than 14 major and 300 minor languages spoken throughout the country. English is widely used, especially in business, politics, and education.
India is a Federal parliamentary constitutional republic, led by a president and prime minister and 3 branches of government.
Religion plays a major role in the daily lives of most Indians. India is the birthplace of Buddhism, Hinduism, Jainism and Sikhism, and is also home to the world’s largest Muslim population. There is also a system of castes, although officially outlawed as a form of discrimination, still plays a major role in the political and business worlds. Traditionally there are 4 castes, but each is broken down into thousands of subcastes.
The local currency is the Indian rupee (sign: ₹).