Israel, the world’s only Jewish-majority state, has a population of just over 8 million people.
Israel is a parliamentary democracy and is led by a president and prime minister.
Hebrew and Arabic are the official languages, although English, French, Yiddish, and Russian are frequently heard.
Israeli Jews make up the majority of the population with affiliations of traditional, secular, Zionist, Haredi, ultra-Orthodox and Haredim. Muslims constitute about 16% of the populations.
The currency is the New shekel (₪).