Saudi Arabia , officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, constitutes the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf. Its population is estimated to consist of 16 million citizens and an additional 9 million registered foreign expatriates.
The official language is Arabic. Saudis who were educated overseas usually speak English.
Saudi Arabia is an unitary Islamic absolute monarchy, and The Quran and the Sunnah (the traditions of Muhammad) are declared to be the country’s constitution. Saudi Arabia is the only Arab nation where no national elections have ever taken place, and no political parties or national elections are permitted.
The official religion is Sunni Islam and Saudis are not permitted to change religions.
The Saudi riyal (ريال) is the currency of Saudi Arabia. It is abbreviated as ر.س or SR (Saudi Riyal) and subdivided into 100 Halalas.