Etiquette in South America

South America, home to more than 371 million people, is located in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.  It is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the north and east by the Atlantic Ocean; North America and the Caribbean Sea lie to the northwest. South America has an area of 6,890,000 sq mi) and includes twelve independent nations and two non-sovereign areas: