With a population of over 41 million people, Argentina is the second largest country in South America. With most of the country’s inhabitants in 10 major metropolitan areas, only 1 in 10 live in rural communities. Approximately 3 million people live in Buenos Aires, the capital city.
Spanish is the official language, but it should be noted that Argentine Spanish is heavily influenced by Italian and is unlike the Spanish spoken throughout other countries in Latin America. There are many people that speak English, Italian, or other languages.
The government of Argentina is a presidential representative democratic republic. The President of Argentina is both head of state and head of government.
There is an official separation of church and state, however, about 90% of the population identifies as Roman Catholic.
The peso is the currency of Argentina, identified by the symbol $. It is divided into 100 centavos.